Russie

Les informations qui peuvent être utiles pour votre voyage.

Villes Russie
 
Informations sur le pays code du pays: RU
continent: Europe
capitale: Moscou
langues: russe, autres langues

membres UE: non
membres OTAN: non

GSM: 900/1800
GPS: 60 00 N, 100 00 E
électricité: 220V/50Hz

unité monétaire:
Rouble de Russie: RUB
1RUB = 0.037 USD
1RUB = 0.029 EUR

le code de tél.: +7-495

Voyage conseils et avertissements Russie
Visas Citizens of most non-CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) countries must obtain a visa prior to arriving in Russia. Citizens of following countries do not need a visa: Argentina (90 days), Bosnia and Herzegovina (90 days), Brazil (90 days), Chile (90 days), Colombia (90 days), Croatia (3 months, invitation required), Cuba (30 days), Hong Kong (14 days), Israel (90 days), Macedonia (90 days), Montenegro (90 days), Nicaragua (90 days), Peru (90 days), Serbia (30 days, only biometric passports)[1], Thailand (30 days), Turkey (30 days), Venezuela (90 days).
Staying in Russia Russian law doesn't require you to carry your passport and registration card with you, but if you fail to provide a valid ID to a police officer upon request they have a right to hold you for up to 3 h for "identification purposes. " These random passport checks are not common but still carry your passport with you at all times. This generally applies to more populated areas like Moscow due to the higher immigration influx larger cities; in other rural and less populated urban areas, passport checks occur quite rarely. It is also good to have a copy of your passport, visa, migration card and the registration form in case you happen to come across a dishonest/corrupt police officer. It's much harder to ransom a copy of a passport than it is the original, and you can always make another copy. Just remember that a photocopy of your passport is not recognized as a valid ID by Russian law, so having a copy may not always help.
Travel tips Travel time can vary from several hours to several days. Note that there are more types of train between the two capitals than between any other two cities in Russia. Apart from ordinary trains, there are rapid trains (Sapsan) that run by day only and cover the 650 km between Moscow and Saint Petersburg in 4 hours. Some of the overnight trains are quite luxurious - these include the traditional The Red Arrow service and the newer, fake-Czarist-era Nikolaevsky Express, complete with attendants in 19-century uniforms. Sheets, towels and prepacked breakfasts are included in all the better trains. Shared bathroom facilities are located at the end of the train car. There are special hatches that one may use to secure the door of the compartment from the inside during the night.
Money Coins are issued in 1, 5, 10, and 50 kopek and 1, 2, 5, and 10 ruble denominations. Banknotes come in 5, 10, 50, 100, 500, 1000, and 5000 ruble values. The 5 ruble note is not issued anymore and is very rare in circulation. The 1 and 5 kopek coins are of little use, as their value is low; in many stores prices are rounded up to the nearest 10 kopeks and many people refuse to accept these coins. As of April 15, 2009, one US dollar is equal to 33. 39 rubles and one euro is equal to 44. 45 rubles.
Supermarkets There is a number of cheap food/goods chains.
- Billa
- Perekrestok (Перекресток)
- Carousel (Карусель)
- Auchan (Ашан)
- Magnit (Магнит)
- Pyatyorochka (Пятёрочка)
- Lenta (Лента)
- Atack (Атак)
Eat cost Russian cuisine derives its rich and varied character from the vast and multicultural expanse of Russia. Its foundations were laid by the peasant food of the rural population in an often harsh climate, with a combination of plentiful fish, poultry, game, mushrooms, berries, and honey. Crops of rye, wheat, buckwheat, barley, and millet provided the ingredients for a plethora of breads, pancakes, cereals, kvass, beer, and vodka. Flavourful soups and stews centred on seasonal or storable produce, fish, and meats. This wholly native food remained the staples for the vast majority of Russians well into the 20th century. Lying on the northern reaches of the ancient Silk Road, as well as Russia's proximity to the Caucasus, Persia, and the Ottoman Empire has provided an inescapable Eastern character to its cooking methods (not so much in European Russia but distinguishable in the North Caucasus). Russia's renowned caviar is easily obtained, however prices can exceed the expenses of your entire trip. Dishes such as beef Stroganov and chicken kiev, from the pre-revolutionary era are available but mainly aimed at tourists as they lost their status and visibility during Soviet times.
Drink Vodka, imported liquors (rum, gin, etc), international soft-drinks (Pepsi, Coca- Cola, Fanta, etc), local soft drinks (Tarhun, Buratino, Baikal, etc. ), distilled water, kvas (sour-sweet non-alcoholic naturally carbonized drink made from fermented dark bread) and mors (traditional wild berry drink).
Sleep Hotels in Russia may be quite expensive in metropolises and touristy areas. If you do speak a bit of Russian and are not entirely culture shocked, it is much smarter to seek out and rent a room in a private residence. Most Russians are looking to make extra money and, having space to spare, will rent it out to a tourist gladly. Native Moscovites or residents of Saint Petersburg would rather rent out to tourists than their own countrymen: foreigners are considered more trustworthy and orderly. Expect to pay 60-70 USD a night (usually with breakfast prepared by your host), and the accommodations will certainly be very clean and proper if not modern. When it comes to home/family life, Russian culture is very warm and inviting.
Shopping When buying items, it is best to keep your money folded backwards with small bills on the outside and larger on the inside and bring out your cash only when actually handing it over. Also, separate larger sums from smaller ones and keep the former hidden on your person.

Moscou, Russie

Dimanche 25, Septembre

Un article de Wikipédia à propos Russie

La Russie, en forme longue la Fédération de Russie, en russe Россия, est le plus vaste État de la planète. Il comptait 142 millions d’habitants en 2007.
Bien qu’entourée de nombreux océans et mers, la Russie est caractérisée par un climat continental avec des milieux froids et hostiles sur la majeure partie du territoire.

La Russie dispose de ressources minières (houille, fer, nickel, diamant,  etc.) et énergétiques (pétrole, gaz naturel, hydroélectricité) abondantes qui en font l’un des principaux producteurs et exportateurs mondiaux. Elle a hérité de l’URSS une industrie lourde puissante (aciéries, raffineries, industrie chimique,  etc.). Les secteurs liés à l’armement, au nucléaire et à l’aérospatiale sont également fortement développés, ce qui a permis au pays de jouer un rôle pionnier dans la conquête de l'espace.

La République socialiste fédérative soviétique de Russie (RSFSR) fut la plus importante des quinze républiques de l’Union des républiques socialistes soviétiques, dont elle constituait le noyau historique.

À la fin de 1991, l’URSS éclate en quinze États indépendants souverains, dont la Russie, qui a hérité de l’ancienne superpuissance les trois quarts de son territoire, plus de la moitié de sa population, les deux tiers de son industrie et la moitié de sa production agricole. La Russie occupe aussi dans la continuité sa place dans les institutions internationales, dont le siège permanent au Conseil de sécurité des Nations unies, tout en assumant également le passif financier de l’URSS. Elle est aussi fondatrice de la Communauté des États indépendants (CEI) qui rassemble onze des quinze ex-républiques soviétiques.

Elle demeure une fédération constituée de  sujets disposant d’une autonomie politique et économique variable. Le découpage, tenant compte entre autres de la présence de minorités, existait déjà dans l’ancienne URSS.

Après la fin du système soviétique à la fin des années 1980 et au début des années 1990, le pays a graduellement adopté une économie de marché et un régime parlementaire pluraliste. Aspirant à suivre la mondialisation, la Russie se considère par ailleurs le pont entre l'Europe et l'Asie. Aujourd'hui, la Russie fait partie des grandes puissances émergentes aux côtés de la Chine, de l'Inde et du Brésil. Elle est actuellement la dixième puissance mondiale en termes de PIB à valeur nominale et sixième en parité de pouvoir d'achat.
Description above from the Wikipedia, licensed under CC-BY-SA full list of contributors here.